15.04.2022 - We have approached a fundamental change in Russia itself. Everyone talks about the 'party of war' and the 'party of peace'. I think these expressions are wrong. This was the case in 2014, but it no longer fits the new conditions.
14.04.2022 - In France, the first round of the presidential election was completed on April 10. According to its results, the current head of state Emmanuel Macron won 27.84% of the votes, while his rival, the leader of the right-wing National Unity party Marine Le Pen, got 23.15%.
13.04.2022 - When the Supreme Commander-in-Chief began a special military operation in Ukraine, the course of history was changed. Irreversibly changed. This is the case when they say "the die is cast," "we have crossed the Rubicon," and "there is no turning back". It may seem to some that there is, but there isn't. And now no one and nothing can affect anything, and no one and can do anything the way it was before.
11.04.2022 - Russia's special operation in Ukraine is a challenge to the unipolar world, its results will establish a new world order, Russian philosopher and political scientist Aleksandr Dugin believes.
06.03.2022 - The events of the last few weeks have highlighted the axes of new geopolitical alliances and completely rebuilt the geopolitical map of the world. Thus, the space of Europe, located between the pole of Eurasia and that of the USA (the civilization of the sea) and forming part of a large area, which in geopolitics is called "Rimland" ("land of the arc") it has finally lost its sovereignty (and even before, largely virtual, rather potential than real) and orientation towards continentalism. All of Europe today is Atlanticist.
25.02.2022 - The crisis around Ukraine has both geopolitical and ideological dimensions. From the very beginning of the aggravation of the situation on the eastern borders of this country, various political forces in the United States and Europe assessed the unfolding events differently.
24.02.2022 - As Russian philosopher and political analyst Aleksandr Dugin says, the unipolar world, globalist ideology, and Western hegemony are collapsing, and the US doesn't want to sit idly by. Washington is willing to take any action to stop this from happening. Thus the problem of Ukraine arose when the US declared an "impending Russian invasion."
22.02.2022 - Political scientist, leader of the international Eurasian movement and editor-in-chief of the portal "Katehon" Alexander Dugin spoke about the Russian spring and the pressure of the West. He called the decision to recognize the independence of the Donbass republics the most important event in the history of recent decades. "Ukraine has chosen the wrong gentleman," the expert added.
22.02.2022 - Seven years since 2014, it was too painful for me to comment on the topic of the DPR and LPR and Ukraine in general. I experienced the end of the Russian Spring as a personal drama and a terrible loss.
16.02.2022 - Amid the stormy propaganda that the West has unleashed on the Ukrainian issue – ranging from a call for the repatriation of US and European citizens in Ukraine to the media leak that the Kiev government has begun to move the government infrastructure and the most important institutions to the western border of the country – it is difficult to think or talk about anything else.
12.02.2022 - Today, the African continent is a new center of confrontation with neocolonialism and foreign expansionism - especially French expansion. And since the West's preferred method is to control countries through puppet governments, it is only through military coups that the system can be "broken", if only temporarily, by allowing a country to release the pressure of foreign and supranational structures. This is confirmed by the fact that military coups have recently increased in the region: in Mali in 2020, in Guinea in 2021 and now we have seen the same in Burkina Faso.
Until a few years ago, Africa was at a standstill. After the first wave of decolonization in the 1960s, the new African regimes experimented with all the political ideologies of the so-called "modern" era. This process has led to the emergence of liberal, nationalist, communist or socialist societies in postcolonial countries.
11.02.2022 - Center for Arab Eurasian Studies of the current explosive crisis between Russia and the West, one of its chapters is now taking place in Ukraine; Where each party reviews its strength and capabilities, the Center's Russian Studies Unit presents, in this press investigation, a summary of the most prominent and most important Russian views on the latest developments surrounding that crisis after Moscow obtained a written response from the United States and its allies regarding the security guarantees it requested. The report is the opinions of several prominent Russian experts who singled out the Center exclusively. In this context, the Center's management extends its thanks and appreciation for the time and effort of these experts
07.02.2022 - Before starting to talk about counter-hegemony, we must turn to Antonio Gramsci, who introduced the concept of hegemony into the broad scientific discourse of political science. In his teachings, Gramsci says that within the Marxist-Leninist tradition, there are three zones of domination:
04.02.2022 - Current political ideologies emerged under the protection of Modernity and ended up crystallizing during the 19th and 20th centuries in the heat of wars. The first political ideology that emerged was liberalism, which was nothing more than a reflection of the values and laws created by bourgeois society.
22.12.2021 - The escalation of relations between Russia and the United States after Joe Biden came to the presidency and the escalation of the situation around Ukraine, as well as the growth of tension in the premises of Russia’s borders (provocative actions of NATO ships in the Black Sea basin, aggressive maneuvers of the US Air Force along the air borders of the Russian Federation, etc.) – all this has a completely rational geopolitical explanation. The root of everything should be sought in the situation that developed in the late 80s of the twentieth century when the collapse of the structures of the Soviet camp occurred.
In his Valdai keynote speech on 27 October 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin argued that: "The direct threat to the political, economic and ideological monopoly of the West is that alternative social models may emerge in the world."
We come to a third concept, crucial for understanding the transition from a unipolar to a multipolar world and the place of the BRICS countries in this process. We are talking about the concept of the civilisation-state. This idea has been formulated by Chinese scholars (in particular by Professor Zhang Weiwei) and most often the concept of the civilisation-state is applied to modern China and then by analogy to Russia, India, etc. In the Russian context, a similar theory was put forward by the Eurasians, who proposed the concept of the Peace-State. Actually, in that trend, Russia was understood as a civilisation, not just one of the countries, hence the main Eurasian concept - Russia-Eurasia.
Let us now turn to a different theory: the 'world-system analysis' constructed by Immanuel Wallerstein. Wallerstein, an exponent of the Marxist school of International Relations (especially in its Trotskyist interpretation), on the basis of the doctrine of "the long run" (F. Braudel) and the Latin American theorists of structural economics (R. Prebisch, S. Furtado), developed a model of world zoning according to the level of development of capitalism.
It would seem that the SMO is talking about a conflict between two world orders - a unipolar one, represented by the collective West and Ukraine, and a multipolar one, defended by Russia and those who are somehow on its side (primarily China, Iran, North Korea, some Islamic states, partly India, Turkey, but also Latin American countries and Africa). This is indeed the case, but let us look at the problem from a perspective that interests us and find out what role chaos plays.
The chaos factor in the Special Military Operation
The most attentive participants in the Ukrainian front note the peculiar nature of this war: the chaos factor has increased enormously. This applies to all sides of the SMO, both to the enemy's actions and strategies and to our command, to the dramatically increased role of technology (drones and aircraft of all kinds) and to the intense online information support, where it is almost impossible to distinguish the fictitious from the real. This is a war of chaos. It is time to revisit this fundamental concept.
The paper examines three concepts: "the second world", the semi-periphery and State-Civilization as the basic concepts of Multi-polar World Theory. The publication has three parts.
The phase transition from unipolarism to multipolarism and the three concepts