04.02.2022 - Current political ideologies emerged under the protection of Modernity and ended up crystallizing during the 19th and 20th centuries in the heat of wars. The first political ideology that emerged was liberalism, which was nothing more than a reflection of the values and laws created by bourgeois society.
22.12.2021 - The escalation of relations between Russia and the United States after Joe Biden came to the presidency and the escalation of the situation around Ukraine, as well as the growth of tension in the premises of Russia’s borders (provocative actions of NATO ships in the Black Sea basin, aggressive maneuvers of the US Air Force along the air borders of the Russian Federation, etc.) – all this has a completely rational geopolitical explanation. The root of everything should be sought in the situation that developed in the late 80s of the twentieth century when the collapse of the structures of the Soviet camp occurred.
In his Valdai keynote speech on 27 October 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin argued that: "The direct threat to the political, economic and ideological monopoly of the West is that alternative social models may emerge in the world."
We come to a third concept, crucial for understanding the transition from a unipolar to a multipolar world and the place of the BRICS countries in this process. We are talking about the concept of the civilisation-state. This idea has been formulated by Chinese scholars (in particular by Professor Zhang Weiwei) and most often the concept of the civilisation-state is applied to modern China and then by analogy to Russia, India, etc. In the Russian context, a similar theory was put forward by the Eurasians, who proposed the concept of the Peace-State. Actually, in that trend, Russia was understood as a civilisation, not just one of the countries, hence the main Eurasian concept - Russia-Eurasia.
Let us now turn to a different theory: the 'world-system analysis' constructed by Immanuel Wallerstein. Wallerstein, an exponent of the Marxist school of International Relations (especially in its Trotskyist interpretation), on the basis of the doctrine of "the long run" (F. Braudel) and the Latin American theorists of structural economics (R. Prebisch, S. Furtado), developed a model of world zoning according to the level of development of capitalism.
It would seem that the SMO is talking about a conflict between two world orders - a unipolar one, represented by the collective West and Ukraine, and a multipolar one, defended by Russia and those who are somehow on its side (primarily China, Iran, North Korea, some Islamic states, partly India, Turkey, but also Latin American countries and Africa). This is indeed the case, but let us look at the problem from a perspective that interests us and find out what role chaos plays.
The chaos factor in the Special Military Operation
The most attentive participants in the Ukrainian front note the peculiar nature of this war: the chaos factor has increased enormously. This applies to all sides of the SMO, both to the enemy's actions and strategies and to our command, to the dramatically increased role of technology (drones and aircraft of all kinds) and to the intense online information support, where it is almost impossible to distinguish the fictitious from the real. This is a war of chaos. It is time to revisit this fundamental concept.
The paper examines three concepts: "the second world", the semi-periphery and State-Civilization as the basic concepts of Multi-polar World Theory. The publication has three parts.
The phase transition from unipolarism to multipolarism and the three concepts
4 November is a beautiful feast day (Editor's note: The Feast of the Mother of God in Kazan, a liturgical feast in Eastern Christianity that is very important because it commemorates the victory of material and spiritual wars). Here are its main meanings.
In today's world, speed plays a key role. In everything. In SMO, we have found that even in modern warfare, it is one of the key factors. Much, or almost everything, depends on how quickly one is able to obtain information, communicate it to the commander of a firing unit, make the decision to strike, and promptly change the location of the firing position. Hence the enormous role of UAVs and drones, satellite communications, the time taken to transmit the enemy's coordinates, the mobility of combat units, and the speed at which orders are communicated to the enforcer.
When we talk about narrative, it is a philosophical category that needs to be known, because the notion of narrative is an element of postmodern philosophy that is based on structural linguistics, on structuralism, on Ferdinand de Saussure, the structural linguist who separated discourse and language. This aspect is very important.
Wang Wen: First of all, please allow me to pay homage to you on behalf of many Chinese people and express my condolences for the unfortunate passing of your beloved daughter Darya. These past several months, many terrorist attacks have occurred in Russia. How do you see Russia's domestic development under conflict today?
The XXIV World Russian People's Council on the theme "Orthodoxy and peace in the 21st century” was opened with speeches by people of great significance to Russia: spiritual leaders, politicians, philosophers, and statesmen. All of them noted the importance of creating a state ideology for the preservation of Russian statehood.
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia noted the dangers of globalism, which "organizes integration and unification processes through weakening and breaking the deep spiritual ties between people, and between God and man."
A characteristic feature of Russian philosophy, according to some historians of Russian philosophy, is the ontologism of thought. The position of ontologism in philosophy, unlike the opposite position of gnoseologism, implies the primary consideration not of the process of thinking, but of the object of understanding. Being on the side of the ontological, we seek first and foremost to identify and answer the question: WHAT is, WHAT is the object of our knowledge, WHAT is the focus of our intellectual intuition. Adherents of the ontological model seek, first of all, to find among all that 'flows and changes' a certain fundamental point, a fixed point, like a large stone in a fast-flowing mountain river.
There are decades when nothing happens, there are days when centuries unravel and explode, and there are singular moments in which eternity irrupts like lightning, torching timeframes and perceptions of temporality in an incalculable, ecstatic instant, only to spiral back into the dark and leave behind an even thicker, heavier, mysteriously endured duration of the here and now….
We have been fighting desperately for eight months now, spilling rivers of blood, losing many lives, including innocent ones, breaking all ties and agreements, taking risks, advancing, retreating, striking, taking blows, and already terrorist attacks on Russian territory have become the norm, and each new attack is getting nastier and harsher, and everyone has the strange feeling that we are waiting for something... A kind of red line... Everything that could be crossed has been crossed. In the current situation it is neither possible to surrender nor to negotiate.
What is happening now in Ukraine is war. There is no more Special Military Operation (SMO)—what we have is called “war.: Not a war between Russia and Ukraine, but a war of the collective West against Russia. When U.S. trackers direct missiles at Russian territory, it can only be called “war.” And it doesn’t matter whose arms they are fighting with. When they aim HIMERS at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant it can be interpreted as an attempt to deliver a nuclear strike on Russia. If the US, NATO and the collective West had not sided with the terrorist regime in Kiev, all the goals of the SMO would have been successfully accomplished long ago. But the real war began. The West has crossed all red lines. This is irreversible.
The death of Daria Dugina, which took place on the night of August the 21st of the present year, was an event which shook the entire illiberal political and intellectual world, it was an atrocious and cruel act, which took away the life of a young woman of 29 years old, who had a brilliant future as a political scientist and journalist.
The authorities and society, apart from the war, of course, are now most concerned about how to adapt to the new conditions. The novelty of these conditions is that we have been excluded from the West, and we have excluded the West from ourselves. Not that this is something completely new and unprecedented—in our history, we have very often found ourselves in exactly this kind of relationship with the West. And it’s no big deal. And this time nothing terrible will happen. But still, our lives will change significantly.